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​To Whom It May Concern:


We the underwritten chiefs of the Lillooet tribe (being all the chiefs of said tribe) declare as follows:


We speak the truth, and we speak for our whole tribe, numbering about 1400 people at the present time.

We claim that we are the rightful owners of our tribal territory, and everything pertaining thereto. We have always lived in our country; at no time have we deserted it, or left it to others. We have retained it from the invasion of other tribes at the cost of our blood. Our ancestors were in posession of our country canturies before the whites came. It is the same as yesterday when the latter came, and like the day before when the first fur trader came. We are aware the B.C government claims our courntry, like all other Indian territories in B.C.; but we deny their right to it. We never gave it nor sold it to them. They certainly never got the title to the country from us, neither by agreement nor conquest, and non other than us could have any right to give them title. In early days we considered white chiefs like a superior race that never lied nor stole, and always acted wisely, and honourably. We expected they would lay claim to what belonged to themselves only. Im these considerations we have been mistaken and gradually have learned how cunning, cruel, untruthful, and thieving some of them can be. We have felt keenly the stealing of our lands by the B.C. government, but we could never learn how to get redress. We felt helpless and dejected; but lately we began to hope. We think that perhaps after all we may get redress from the greater white chiefs away in the Kin's country, or in Ottawa. It seemed to us all white chiefs and goverments were against us, but now we commence to think we may get a measure of justice.


We have been informed of the stand taken by the Thompson River, Shuswap, and Okanogan tribes, as per their declaration of July 16th, 1910. We have learned of the Indian Rights Association or B.C. and have also heard the glad news that the Ottawa government will help us to obtain our rights. As we are in the same position in regard to our lands, etc., and labor under the same disadvantages as the other tribes of B.C., we resolved to join them in their movement for our mutual rights. With this object, several of our chiefs attended the Indian meeting at Lytton on Feb. 13th, 1910, and again the meeting at Kamloops onthe 6th of Feb. last. Thereafter we held a meeting ourselfes at Lillooet on the 24th of Feb. last, when the chiefs of all Lillooet bands resolved as follows:


  • First - That we join the other interior tribes affiliated with the Indian Rights Association of the Coast

  • Second - That we stand with them in the demand for their rights, and the settlement of the Indian land question.

  • Third - That we agree unanimously with them in all the eight articles of their Declaration, as made at Spences Bridge, July, 1910

- In conclusion, we wish to protest against the recent seizing of certain of our lands at "The Short Portage," by white settlers on authority of the B.C. government. These lands have been continually occupied by us from the time out of mind, and have been cultivated by use unmolested for over thirty years. We also wish to protest against the building of railway depots and sidings on any of our reservations, as we hear projected. We agree that a copy of this Declaration be sent each to the Hon. Mr. Oliver, the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, the Secretary of the Indian Rights Association, Me Clark, K.C. and Mr. McDonald, Inspector of Indian Agencies.




  • JAMES NRAITESKAL, Chief Lillooet Band

  • JAMES STAGER, Chief Pemberton Band

  • PETER CHALAL, Chief Mission Band

  • JAMES JAMES, Chief Seaton Band

  • JOHN KIOUSTGHEN, Chief Pasulko Band

  • DAVID EKSIEPALUS, Chief No 2 Lillooet Band

  • CHARLES NEKAULA, Chief Nkempts Band

  • JAMES SMITH, Chief Tenas Lake Band

  • HARRY NKASUSA, Chief Samakwa Band

  • PAUL KOITELAMUGH, Chief Skookum Chuck Band

  • AUGUST AKSTONKAIL, Chief Port Douglas Band

  • JEAN BAPTISTE, Chief No 1 Cayuse Creek Band

  • DAVID SKWINSTWAUGH, Chief Bridge River Band

  • THOMAS BULL, Chief Slahoos Band

  • THOMAS JACK, Chief Anderson Lake Band

  •  CHIEF FRANSOIS THOMAS ADOLF, for La Fountain Indians


  • Spences Bridge, B.C. May 10th, 1911

        The Declaration Of The Lillooet Tribe.

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